Tithi in Panchang

The first mention of the word Tithi means a date, however, Hindu astrology mentions a very detailed explanation of Tithi. Tithi or date has a profound effect on our mind and brain. This is connected to our birth, death and special tasks. Before you understand the impact of Tithi on human life, let us understand in detail about Tithi in Panchang and what Astrology says about it. 

In astrology, one kind of movement of the moon is called tithi. It is calculated from the Pratipadha of Shuklapaksha (1st tithi) to Amavasya (30th tithi). From the Post Amavasya Prathipadu to the full moon or Purnima, the Tithis are of the Shukla Paksha. After Purnima, starting from Pratipadh to Amavasya, the Tithis fall under the KrishnaPaksha. That is, in a month, there are two Pakshas, the Shuklapaksha and the Krishna paksha. Apart from Purnima and Amavasya, the names of the other Tithis are similar.  

Each one has a name, a planet and a special place in Muhurat. To know its location in Muhurat, it is important to first know that both Nakshatra and Tithi are different. Since both are connected to each other, we need to know both. Tithi is a water element and it shows the state of our mind. Nakshatra is an air element and it explains the mind's experiences. Tithi points to the successful and unsuccessful works and actions in future. 

Through this, we know whether we will accomplish any work successfully. In the birth chart of man, the tithi is affected by water and Venus. It also explains our interest. Tithi is the most essential part of the horoscope. It explains our relationships and our behaviour towards them.


Importance of Tithi in Hindu Calendar

According to astrology, Tithi depends on the Nakshatra including the distance between the sun and moon. The distance of the moon at 12 degrees from the sun after Amavasya (New Moon) or Purnima or full moon is the Pratipada or first date. The second Tithi also depends on the distance of the moon at 12 degrees from the sun, which is 12 to 24 degrees. The day begins with sunrise but this does not change the tithi or date. Tithi can change at any time of day or night, it does not run according to our solar day. The period of the tithi varies from 19 to 26 hours according to the speed of the moon.

1. Pratipada (Padova)

2. Doooja (Dooj)

3. Tritiya (Teej)

4. Chaturthi (Chauth)

5. Panchami (Panchami)

6. Shashthi (Chhath)

7. Saptami (Satam)

8. Ashtami (Ashtam)

9. Navami (Naumi)

10. Dashmi (Dasham)

11. Ekadashi (Gyaras)

12. Dwadashi (Baras)

13. Triodashshi (Terus)

14. Chaturdashi (Chaudas)

15. Purnima

The fifteenth or 30th Tithi of the Krishna Paksha is called Amavasya after the Pratipada of the Shukla paksha. 

 These Tithis are divided into five numbers. These are Nanda, Bhadra, Jaya, Rikta and Poorna. These also include Chaturthi, Navami and Chaturdashi as Rikta Tithis. All these numbers give auspicious or bad results according to their name. 

Auspicious or Inauspicious Significance of Tithi 

1. Nanda Tithi

It is good to purchase jewellery, do business-related work in Nanda Tithi.

2. Bhadra Tithi

Health, Education of the start of new business is considered auspicious in Bhadra Tithi. 

3. Jaya Tithi

It is also good for the administration department, department of justice, foreign travel, court work.

4. Rikta Tithi

It is best to oppose enemies, operation, getting rid of debts.

5. Poorna Tithi

It is considered auspicious to fulfil the resolutions taken. 

Rikta Tithi is a symbol of solitude, peace and sacrifice. The natives born in this tithi or date, have a sense of affection and dedication to others. Such people spend most of their time in social service. Rikta tithi yoga is found while considering any Muhurat. The work started in it is fruitless. However, in some combination of certain planets and constellations, the result is also auspicious. For example, Tithi which falls on Saturday, the yoga formed by it eliminates all the bad effects. 

Similarly, When Nanda is on Shukrawar or Friday, Bhadra is on Budhwar or Wednesday, Jaya on a Mangalwar or Tuesday, Rikta on Shaniwar or Saturday and Poorna on Guruwar or Thursday then the date is called Siddha. On Thursday, Tithi or date makes painful yoga. The work done during this brings harm to the natives. Similarly, in Chaitramas, the Rikta tithi of both Pakshas, Navami, Chaturdashi of Krishna paksha in the Jestha mas month, Chaturdashi of Shukla Paksha in Kartik Mas, Chaturthi of both Pakshas in Pausphmas, Chaturthi of Krishna paksha in Falgun month, are Shunya or Zero dates. On these, it is advised not to perform any auspicious works.

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