Makar Sankranti, which we can also call Makara Sankranti. While this festival is also known as Maghi, which is a festival day in the context of Sun God in the Hindu Calendar. It is celebrated every year in January. This sacred festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated in India itself but also in Nepal with great fanfare.

Makar Sankranti is one of the few ancient Indian festivals which have been observed in accordance with solar chakras, while most of the festivals have been decided under the Chandra Chakra of the Hindu Calendar. This festival is celebrated throughout the country on the same Gregorian date every year (January 14th), but in the leap year, this date may differ. The festivals associated with Makar Sankranti are known by different names by North Indian Hindus and Sikhs such as Magahi or Lohdi. In Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana, Makar Sankranti is celebrated as (Pedda Pandwa), Sukhrata in Central India, Magh Bihubis in Assam and in Tamil Nadu it is celebrated as Pongal.

When is the 'Makar Sankranti' in 2019?

The festival will be celebrated in January. But according to Vedic Hindu Astrology, the festival of Makar Sankranti will be valid only on January 15 instead of January 14, 2019. The Sun God will enter the Capricorn on the night of January 14 at 7 hours 43 minutes. For this reason, it is said to be valid only on January 15.

Rules for worship

Now let's talk about how to Makar Sankranti is to be celebrated.  In the morning on Makar Sankranti, a bath should be taken with water mixed with till after getting up early in the morning. After this, clean the place where the puja will be performed after wearing good and clean clothes. Then on the ground, make an Asthadal Kamal (Octal lotus) with Karnika with sandalwood, and pray to the Sun God by invoking him. After this, it is considered very auspicious to pronounce the holy mantra of the sun god. Thus, bathing in the river on this day is also considered very sacred.

What is the significance of Makar Sankranti

If talking about the significance of the festival of Makar Sankranti, then it is considered that on this auspicious day Sun God visits his son Shani Dev to meet him at his residence. It has also been said that Shani Dev is the ruling God of Capricorn. That is why this festival is known as Makar Sankranti.

According to some sources, in Mahabharata, the mighty Bhishma Pitamah had chosen Makar Sankranti on the day of his abdication from life.

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